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Spring Hatfield, RDH

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Spring Hayes Hatfield, RDH, is a graduate of Florida State College at Jacksonville. She practices clinically in Denham Springs, Louisiana. She is Dental Hygiene Board Certified in Florida and Louisiana. She is a member of the American Academy for Oral Systemic Health and the Foundation for Airway and Craniofacial Excellence. Her passion is helping her patients better understand the oral-systemic disease connection. In her free time, she enjoys traveling with her husband and two children. She can be reached via email at SpringHatfieldRDH@gmail.com.

The Role of Macrophage Polarization in Periodontal Disease and Gingivitis

The discovery of macrophage polarization by Charles Dudley Mills changed the way immunologists viewed the immune system. Prior to this discovery, it was long thought that macrophages were like a garbage disposal, gobbling up pathogens and eliminating them, serving the T and B cells as if they were royalty while the macrophages were mere servants. These beliefs were based...

The History of Periodontics and Where We are Today

The recent pandemic has caused some concern among hygienists about the future of their careers. Many have voiced concerns about going back to work, and many have toyed with the idea of starting a new career. Dentists have made bold statements going as far as claiming "dental hygiene as a career is done." These concerns seem to be stemmed from...

Oral Cancer: HPV-related Small Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx

HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer is becoming more widely discussed in literature and dental offices. Over the past 30 years, we have learned more about HPV’s role in oropharyngeal cancer. Currently, oropharyngeal cancer is the most common HPV-related cancer in the United States.1 Most of the oropharyngeal cancer caused by HPV are squamous cell carcinomas. However, there are multiple phenotypes that are...

Coronavirus: The Current Science Behind SARS-CoV-2 and How it Impacts Dentistry

Editor’s Note: Information about COVID-19 is changing on a daily, sometimes hourly, basis. We have made every attempt to ensure this article is up to date at the time of publication, but with the rapid changes occurring, some information may have changed since publication. Please visit https://www.coronavirus.gov/ for the latest news and information on COVID-19. Unless you are living under a rock, you...

Radiology Update: Evolving Standards for Pregnancy, Shielding, and Frequency

The Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy was the first radiology scientific journal. First published in May 1896, just six months after the discovery of x-rays by Wilhelm Roentgen, Sydney Rowland wrote in the first editorial: “The object of this publication is to put on record in permanent form some of the most striking applications of the New Photography to the...

5 Reasons Dental Patients May Suffer from Halitosis

Halitosis is a concern for many dental patients. As a matter of fact, about 50% of the U.S. population suffers from halitosis. Halitosis can be put into two different categories − genuine halitosis or delusional halitosis.1 This article explores some causes of extraoral halitosis. But, first, a refresher on how halitosis is usually categorized is offered. Delusional halitosis is further categorized...

Mandibular Anterior Crowding: What is the Etiology?

When working clinically, a common question I receive is: “Will my wisdom teeth make my teeth crowded?” Many discussions in dental hygiene forums end with little consensus. Many studies have investigated the possible link. But is it really that simple? Can one single entity be the cause of mandibular anterior crowding? I have found that mandibular anterior crowding is one of...

Saddle Stools: The Importance of Quality and Individualized Fit

Disclosure: This article is sponsored content from The Brewer Company as part of our sponsored partner program. The number one cause of early retirement in dentistry is musculoskeletal disorders, making the number one preventive measure to be proper ergonomics. Dental hygienists are preventive care specialists. We work hard to help our patients achieve optimal overall health. However, often I...

Epigenetics: How Medical Research Can Aid Dental Diagnosis

In the late 1940s, Dr. Conrad Waddington, an embryologist, coined the term epigenetics. At that time, most embryologists did not consider genes important for human development. They believed genes only played a minor role, such as with eye color and hair color. Dr. Waddington proposed that genes were regulated by an epigenetic landscape, and this landscape was to “illustrate the...

Oxidative Stress: Will Future Solutions Launch Antioxidant Therapies for Dentistry?

Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS/free radicals) and antioxidants in the body. Prolonged oxidative stress is associated with a wide range of chronic illnesses, which includes, but is not limited to, cancer, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic inflammation, stroke, and numerous neurodegenerative diseases.1 As with most bodily functions, there is...